Despite limited interest in developing a domestic semiconductor industry, the government aims to establish world-class specialization in the sector. Rather than investing in chip manufacturing capabilities, the focus will be on supporting alternative opportunities, such as compound semiconductors. These offer advantages over silicon chips, including higher voltage capability, faster switching speed, and enhanced thermal stability. The Compound Semiconductor Applications Catapult in Wales, funded by Innovate UK, is actively involved in applying compound semiconductor technologies across various sectors. The government’s aim is to safeguard chip supply chains, protect national security, and attract the brightest talent. While there are challenges, such as national security concerns and talent retention, the UK semiconductor industry has substantial growth potential. The government aims to replicate the success seen in Wales across other regions of the UK, with a focus on facilitating the development of high-tech skills and creating an attractive environment for tech professionals.